Optimizing WordPress on Nginx with the Ultimate Htaccess Guide for Web Developers

In this article, we will explore WordPress htaccess for nginx. While htaccess files are commonly associated with Apache web servers, nginx also supports them. We will discuss how to create an htaccess file for nginx and the various configurations that can be made to improve your WordPress site’s performance and security.

Optimized Subtitle: Configuring WordPress with htaccess for Nginx Web Server

The optimized subtitle “Configuring WordPress with htaccess for Nginx Web Server” is related to the topic of htaccess file for web development. To emphasize important phrases, I will add HTML tags.

When configuring WordPress on an Nginx web server, there may be some issues with the htaccess file. One common issue is that the WordPress Permalink structure may not work properly. To fix this, you can add the following code to your Nginx configuration file:

location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

This code will properly redirect requests to the index.php file which handles the pretty permalinks.

Another common issue is that some WordPress plugins may not work correctly when using Nginx. To resolve this, you can add the following code to your htaccess file:

# BEGIN Nginx
location ~ .php$ {
include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
# END Nginx

This code will allow Nginx to properly handle PHP files and should fix any plugin-related issues.

Overall, configuring WordPress with htaccess for an Nginx web server requires some extra steps, but it is definitely possible to get a fully functioning website with pretty permalinks and working plugins.

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What is the process for setting up NGINX with WordPress?

Setting up NGINX with WordPress involves the following process:

Step 1: Install NGINX, PHP and MySQL on your server.

Step 2: Configure NGINX’s virtual host to serve your WordPress website. This involves creating a server block that contains your website’s domain name or IP address, along with the location of your WordPress installation files.

Step 3: Create a new database and user for your WordPress site in MySQL.

Step 4: Download and extract WordPress to your desired location on your server.

Step 5: Edit the WordPress configuration file (wp-config.php) to include your MySQL database information and security keys.

Step 6: Create an .htaccess file with the necessary rules to enable pretty permalinks.

Step 7: Test your website to ensure everything is working correctly.

Note: Since NGINX does not use .htaccess files like Apache does, you will need to convert the rules from your .htaccess file into NGINX syntax and include them in your virtual host configuration file.

Following these steps should allow you to set up NGINX with WordPress and have a fully functional website that is fast and secure.

Is NGINX a good choice for hosting WordPress websites?

NGINX is a great choice for hosting WordPress websites as it handles concurrent connections more efficiently than Apache, which is the most common web server to use with WordPress. NGINX is also known for its ability to handle high traffic sites and is often used by popular websites like Netflix, Airbnb, and Dropbox. However, it’s important to note that unlike Apache, NGINX doesn’t support .htaccess files, so you’ll need to make any necessary configuration changes directly in the server’s configuration files. Overall, while it may require some extra effort to set up, using NGINX to host your WordPress site can provide better performance and scalability in the long run.

What is the directory location to place the .htaccess file in WordPress?

The .htaccess file needs to be placed in the root directory of your WordPress installation. This is typically the same directory where the wp-config.php file is located. You can use an FTP client or cPanel file manager to access this directory and upload the .htaccess file. Once the file is in place, you can modify it to add rewrite rules, redirects, and other configurations that affect how your website behaves. It’s important to take care when editing the .htaccess file, as a mistake can result in server errors or other issues with your website. Always keep a backup of the original file before making any changes.

What does a usual htaccess file for WordPress look like?

A typical htaccess file for WordPress includes several directives that help improve site security, performance, and SEO. Here are some common rules you might find in a WordPress htaccess file:

1. RewriteEngine On: Enables URL rewriting, which allows WordPress to create SEO-friendly, easy-to-read URLs.

2. RewriteBase /: Sets the base directory for all rewrite rules.

3. RewriteRule ^index.php$ – [L]: Tells the server to skip the following rule if the request is for “index.php”.

4. RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f: Checks if the requested file doesn’t exist.

5. RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d: Checks if the requested directory doesn’t exist.

6. RewriteRule . /index.php [L]: Redirects all requests to the WordPress index.php file, which handles dynamic content generation.

7. ExpiresByType image/* “access plus 1 month”: Sets the expiration time for images to one month, which can improve site performance.

8. Header set X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”: Enables cross-site scripting (XSS) protection in supported browsers.

9. Header always append X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN: Prevents clickjacking attacks by allowing pages to be displayed only in a frame on the same origin as the page itself.

These are just a few examples of the rules you might find in a WordPress htaccess file. Depending on your site’s needs, there may be additional directives for caching, HTTP compression, redirecting non-www to www versions of your domain, or blocking malicious bots and users.

How do I convert my WordPress .htaccess file to work with Nginx?

To convert a WordPress .htaccess file to work with Nginx, follow these steps:

1. Open your WordPress .htaccess file and copy its contents.

2. Create a new server block in your Nginx configuration file for WordPress, usually located in /etc/nginx/sites-available/.

3. Paste the contents of your .htaccess file in the location block inside your Nginx server block.

4. Replace all instances of “RewriteRule” with “try_files”, and change the regex format to Nginx format. For example, change:

RewriteRule ^index.php$ – [L]


try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

5. Replace all instances of “RewriteCond” with “if”, and use the Nginx equivalent syntax. For example, change:

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d


if (!-e $request_filename) {
rewrite ^(.+)$ /index.php?q=$1 last;

6. Save the changes to your Nginx configuration file and restart Nginx by running the command:

sudo service nginx restart

Note: The above steps may not cover all cases and may require additional customization based on your specific WordPress site configuration.

Can I use the same htaccess rules for WordPress on both Apache and Nginx webservers?

No, htaccess rules for WordPress are designed to work with Apache webserver and may not work on Nginx without modification. Nginx doesn’t use htaccess files, instead it has its own configuration files that need to be properly configured for WordPress to work. However, there are plugins available that can help in converting the htaccess rules to the required format for Nginx. It is important to note that while some htaccess rules may not work on Nginx, there are alternative rules that can be used to achieve the same results.

How can I improve my WordPress site’s performance using htaccess rules on a Nginx server?

If you are using a Nginx server for your WordPress site, you can still improve its performance using htaccess rules. However, instead of using a .htaccess file, you will need to use the Nginx configuration file.

Here are some htaccess rules that you can use to optimize your WordPress site’s performance:

1. Enable Gzip compression:

gzip on;
gzip_comp_level 5;
gzip_min_length 256;
gzip_proxied any;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_types application/atom+xml

2. Set caching headers:

location ~* .(jpg|jpeg|png|gif|ico|css|js)$ {
expires 7d;
add_header Pragma public;
add_header Cache-Control “public, must-revalidate, proxy-revalidate”;

3. Enable browser caching:

location / {
if ($request_method = GET) {
add_header ‘Expires’ $expires;
add_header ‘Cache-Control’ ‘public, max-age=7200’;
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

4. Block access to sensitive files:

location ~ /.ht {
deny all;

Note: You will need to modify these rules according to your specific server setup and WordPress installation.

Once you have added these rules to your Nginx configuration file, make sure to test your site’s performance to see if it has improved.

In conclusion, understanding how to manipulate the htaccess file for your WordPress site can greatly enhance its speed and security. While most WordPress installations run on Apache servers, it is becoming increasingly popular to use Nginx servers instead, which require a different set of rules in the htaccess file. With the proper knowledge and implementation of these rules, your WordPress site can run efficiently on any server. Remember to always backup your htaccess file before making any changes and thoroughly test your website afterwards to ensure all functionality is working properly. Overall, mastering the htaccess file can greatly benefit your web development efforts.